Indonesia: Earthquake of magnitude 6.9 leaves Lombok in rubble and thousands of homeless



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A child is seen near the ruins of a damaged temple in Ubud, Bali, Indonesia on August 6, 2018. An earthquake of magnitude 7 on August 5, 2018, affecting several regions, resulting in the destruction of some buildings and places of worship in Bali. (Photo by Mahendra Moonstar / Anadolu Agency / Getty Images)

On August 5, Lombok, Indonesia, was hit by a powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 6.9, leaving residents and tourists homeless and shocked as far away as Bali.

While rescuers are still sweeping collapsed buildings and rubble, at least 98 people are confirmed dead and more than 200 seriously injured. It is estimated that more than half of the homes in Lombok have been destroyed in this idyllic island of Indonesian islands.

Lombok Island is located just east of Bali and is a popular tourist destination from all over the world. While people worked tirelessly to evacuate tourists and residents by boat and plane, rescue operations on the island are slow and difficult. Severely destroyed roads, collapsed bridges, power outages and the proportion of damaged or destroyed buildings make the rescue process tedious and logistically difficult.

In total, the authorities estimate the number of people displaced by the earthquake to be 20,000, and although the government has given the green light to return home, many people remain in shelters fearing to return home. This may be due, in part, to the persistence of aftershocks following the earthquake.

Fortune tents are being erected to provide temporary shelter to people affected by an earthquake in Sembalun, on the island of Lombok, Indonesia, on Monday, August 6, 2018. The powerful earthquake struck the "earthquake". Lombok, an Indonesian tourist island, has killed several people and authorities said on Monday that thousands of homes were damaged and the death toll could rise. (AP Photo / Adrial Pranandi)

Tourists who visit the Gili Islands, a popular spot for scuba diving and snorkelling, line up on boats to evacuate tiny vulnerable islands.

Geological overview of the earthquake in Indonesia

the USGS places earthquake at magnitude 6.9, with several replicas. The epicenter of the earthquakes is located on the predominantly residential northern part of Pulau Lombok, Indonesia, and most tourists stay in the southern part. The earthquake was caused by a shallow depth fault located 31 km deep. The fault lies on the thrust of Flores' background, where the Sunda and Australia's plates converge along an east-west area just south of the Indonesian islands.

Place where converts Australian plates and sunda south of the Indonesian islands.Wikipedia

The two plates converge at a rate of 77 millimeters per year, causing large regular magnitude earthquakes. During the last century, this region has experienced six earthquakes of magnitude 6.5 or more, responsible for many deaths, injuries and destruction.

Much of Southeast Asia is on the Sunda plate, including Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, the western Philippines, and so on.

Location of the earthquake and shakemap in Indonesia.USGS

Above, the shakemap created by the USGS, which shows the strongest shakes on & nbsp; on & nbsp; Lombok and dissipates to the outside. Tremors were felt on the neighboring islands of Bali and Java.

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A child is seen near the ruins of a damaged temple in Ubud, Bali, Indonesia on August 6, 2018. An earthquake of magnitude 7 on August 5, 2018, affecting several regions, resulting in the destruction of some buildings and places of worship in Bali. (Photo by Mahendra Moonstar / Anadolu Agency / Getty Images)

On August 5, Lombok, Indonesia, was hit by a powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 6.9, leaving residents and tourists homeless and shocked as far away as Bali.

While rescuers are still sweeping collapsed buildings and rubble, at least 98 people are confirmed dead and more than 200 seriously injured. It is estimated that more than half of the homes in Lombok have been destroyed in this idyllic island of Indonesian islands.

Lombok Island is located just east of Bali and is a popular tourist destination from all over the world. While people worked tirelessly to evacuate tourists and residents by boat and plane, rescue operations on the island are slow and difficult. Severely destroyed roads, collapsed bridges, power outages and the proportion of damaged or destroyed buildings make the rescue process tedious and logistically difficult.

In total, the authorities estimate the number of people displaced by the earthquake to be 20,000, and although the government has given the green light to return home, many people remain in shelters fearing to return home. This may be due, in part, to the persistence of aftershocks following the earthquake.

Fortune tents are being erected to provide temporary shelter to people affected by an earthquake in Sembalun, on the island of Lombok, Indonesia, on Monday, August 6, 2018. The powerful earthquake struck the "earthquake". Lombok, an Indonesian tourist island, has killed several people and authorities said on Monday that thousands of homes were damaged and the death toll could rise. (AP Photo / Adrial Pranandi)

Tourists who visit the Gili Islands, a popular spot for scuba diving and snorkelling, line up on boats to evacuate tiny vulnerable islands.

Geological overview of the earthquake in Indonesia

The USGS estimates the quake at a magnitude of 6.9, with several aftershocks. The epicenter of the earthquake is located on the mostly northern residential part of Pulau Lombok, Indonesia, and most tourists stay in the south of the island. The earthquake was caused by a shallow depth fault located 31 km deep. The fault lies on the thrust of Flores' background, where the Sunda and Australia's plates converge along an east-west area just south of the Indonesian islands.

Place where converts Australian plates and sunda south of the Indonesian islands.Wikipedia

The two plates converge at a rate of 77 millimeters per year, causing earthquakes of great magnitude. During the last century, this region has experienced six earthquakes of magnitude 6.5 or more, responsible for many deaths, injuries and destruction.

Much of Southeast Asia is on the Sunda plate, including Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, the western Philippines, and so on.

Location of the earthquake and shakemap in Indonesia.USGS

Above, the shakemap created by the USGS that shows the strongest shaking occurring in Lombok and dissipating to the outside. Tremors were felt on the neighboring islands of Bali and Java.