Nearly 40% of children who leave reception centers after reaching the age of 18 are unable to complete their studies, 50% are unable to find paid work and almost 70% are not able to aware of their rights to custody under the law, reveals a study conducted by a NGO five states.
The study, published Wednesday, is based on the testimony of 435 "people who left the custody system" and 100 other key stakeholders such as officials working in the field for the protection of the child . The age of the outgoing care was between 17 and 30 years.
While 48% of these young adults belonged to government-run institutions, 52% belonged to institutions run by NGOs. Of the total number of out-migrants treated, 55% were men and the rest were women.
The study was conducted in Delhi, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Rajasthan by the NGO Udayan Care and was supported by the TATA Trusts and UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund).
The investigation highlights the weak implementation of the after-care provisions of the Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 (JJ Act) for people who leave child care at age 18 . The study found that 27% of children received no form of care such as housing, medical facilities, legal awareness or emotional support after leaving home.
As many as 78% of them did not have health insurance, 67% were not aware of these services and other plans designed for them, 44% of them had never been consulted about their care and rehabilitation planning during their stay at home, is required under JJ Act.
With regard to the education, professional skills and financial independence of these young adults, nearly 40% of them were unable to complete their studies even after 18 years of age, and 34% had dropped out of school when transitioning from a home to independent living.
As many as 48% of them had no independent source of income and those who earned earned an average monthly salary of between ¥ 7,500 and ¥ 8,500.
Foroogh Foyouzat, deputy representative of UNICEF India, stressed the importance of abandoning the institutionalization of children.
"Every child has the right to grow in a family environment. Placing children in an institution is the last resort. Unfortunately, the trend is the opposite. On a global scale, evidence shows the negative consequences of institutionalization, "said Ms. Foyouzat.
She added that when children can not be reunited with their family, they must be placed in environments similar to those of a family, such as sponsorship or placement in foster care.